British PTSD Study flawed


British/US PTSD Study Flawed

Different Systems – Different Outcomes

“Healing PTSD Trauma” on CD Your Solution

Christel B. D’Agostino, MSW, LCSW-R, CtH

Before I tell you about this flawed study, let me reassure you that “Healing PTSD Trauma” on CD is the solution for your PTSD/Trauma.
Everybody who supports our troops and veterans may have been upset about the article: “The indivisible division: US soldiers are seven times as likely as UK troops to develop post-traumatic stress” by Ethan Watters, April 8, 2011 in the Reading this headline, I started to wonder. How could the result of different evaluation systems be compared? Little attention seems to have been paid to this fact.
Not only the Brits, but some of the other European countries too, do not agree with the DSM-IV definition and interpretation of post-traumatic stress (PTSD) for war trauma/combat stress and have adopted their own way to deal with it.
How can results be compared when  systems and variables differ?

Let’s first have a look at the variables, e.g. number of deployments, dwell time, dates of collecting research data. Let’s assume that exposure to ‘front line’ events was controlled (though we know that it  can hardly be.)

The British Medical Journal reported that deployments longer than six or seven months are associated with an increased risk of PTSD, in particular when deployment is extended over 13 months. It was mentioned that no deployment should be longer than 12 months in every 36 months.

In contrast our soldiers have more than 12 months of deployment and only one year dwell time.

Then, of course the number of deployments should be the  same, as well as the degree of stressed/conflictual home situations.

Once discharged six months after deployment, British troops are no longer part of the military health care system and are not included in research, even though severe concerns have been raised that mental health problems in veterans may remain hidden until after discharge.
Interpreting the above variables by themselves, it seems very apparent that the heavier burden is shouldered by the American warrior.

Now let’s move on to the diagnosis of PTSD itself:

The Independent, “The Betrayal of British Fighting Men & Women”, 3/11/2007, states a service man’s form should never state: “post-traumatic stress disorder”.  It explains how the DSM-IV diagnosis is being handled and that the diagnosis of PTSD is usually only given to those individuals which do not exhibit signs of alcohol or drug abuse, depression, anxiety, neurosis, schizophrenia, adjustment disorder or any other mental condition. No consideration is given to the fact that the other symptoms may camouflage underlying post-traumatic stress (PTSD). Any mental health professional in Britain will adhere to the British interpretation of the DSM-IV diagnosis. In addition, the research was based on the PC-PTSD. This form does not include any potentially traumatic events and interviews. The CES (Combat Exposure Scale) does.

In Watter’s article there also seems to be a disconnect from earlier published psychological research studies, some of them are mentioned at my If you read some of my blogs you will understand that the historians’ speculation that Vietnam vets “succumbed to cultural expectations of developing PTSD” is a speculation. Vietnam veterans, like so many other vets from wars before, tended to suffer in silence.The fact that Vietnam veterans’ disability claims doubled between 1999 and 2004 validates the fact that, even if camouflaged as resilience, war trauma had resurfaced decades later.

Patrick Bracken of Bradford University’s Dept of Health Studies argues that  “in most Western societies there has been a move away from religious and other belief systems”. This is certainly correct for Europe but not for the United States.
To even suggest that the U.S. culture expects their vets to return with PTSD appears to me as another disconnect.

In contrast to the British research conducted by Neil Greenberg of the Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health at King’s College, London, I want to point to an excellent critical review which deals with the methodological and conceptual factors which may account for differences in prevalence rates across the globe: “Prevalence Estimates of Combat-Related PTSD: A Critical Review” Australian New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2010 January: 44(1) 4-19.

Having dispelled the validity of the King’s College research,  allow me to end this blog by pointing out:

There is no need to suffer from PTSD or to worry that one or the other symptom might mean that PTSD is sneaking up on you. Listen to my CD set “Healing PTSD Trauma”. It resolves any present and past trauma, through an energetic shift of the Universal Vibrational Therapy ™ which I had created in 1992 to conquer my trauma.  “Healing PTSD Trauma” together with “Restabilize Your Energy”, on CD is the accelerated, easy and safe solution to resolve your post-traumatic stress (PTSD), while Success Strategies inspire you to fulfill your visions and dreams.


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